LAMP merupakan singkatan dari Linux, Apache, MySQL dan PHP adalah sebuah set instalasi yang sangat populer untuk sebuah web server yang mendukung PHP dan MySQL.

Untuk masuk ke dalam root pada CentOS 7 VM anda, silahkan mengikuti tutorial kami berikut :

SSH http://faq.biznetgiocloud.com/index.php?action=artikel&cat=11&id=104&artlang=id&highlight=ssh

Langkah Pertama – Install Apache Apache adalah open source software gratis yang berjalan pada lebih dari 50 % web server di dunia.Untuk menginstall Apache, buka terminal dan ketikkan command berikut:

yum install httpd -y Setelah menginstall itu , anda dapat mulai menjalanka service apache dengan command berikut:

systemctl start.httpd service Untuk memeriksa apakah apache sudah terinstall dengan baik, buka browser dengan IP publik VM anda (contoh: http://103.58.100.12). Berikut tampilan yang akan tampil jika apache berhasil terinstall:

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Anda melihat IP publik yang digunakan oleh VM anda, jalankan command berikut:

curl ifconfig.co Langkah Kedua – Install MySQL (MariaDB)

MySQL adalah sistem manajemen database yang kuat digunakan untuk mengatur dan mengambil data pada server virtual.

Untuk menginstal MySQL (MariaDB), buka terminal dan ketik perintah ini :

yum install mariadb-server mariadb Jalankan perintah berikut ini:

systemctl start mariadb Setelah itu, jalankan perintah ini:

sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES) Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Sorry, passwords do not match.

New password: Re-enter new password: Sorry, passwords do not match.

New password: Re-enter new password: Sorry, passwords do not match.

New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]

  • Dropping test database... ... Success!
  • Removing privileges on test database... ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB! Agar dapat langsung digunakan setelah boot, jalankan command berikut:

systemctl enable mariadb.service Langkah Ketiga – Install PHP PHP merupakan open source web dengan bahasa script yang banyak digunakan untuk membangun halaman web dinamis. Untuk menginstal PHP pada VM, ketik perintah ini:

yum install php php-mysql –y Silahkan restart service apache dengan perintah ini:

systemctl restart httpd.service PHP juga memiliki berbagai library yang berguna dan modul yang dapat ditambahkan ke server Anda . Anda dapat melihat library yang tersedia dengan mengetik :

yum search php- Terminal kemudian akan menampilkan daftar modul PHP yang sudah terinstall. Maka akan terlihat seperti ini:

============================== N/S matched: php- =============================== php-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library php-cli.x86_64 : Command-line interface for PHP php-common.x86_64 : Common files for PHP php-dba.x86_64 : A database abstraction layer module for PHP applications php-devel.x86_64 : Files needed for building PHP extensions php-embedded.x86_64 : PHP library for embedding in applications php-enchant.x86_64 : Enchant spelling extension for PHP applications php-fpm.x86_64 : PHP FastCGI Process Manager php-gd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library php-intl.x86_64 : Internationalization extension for PHP applications php-ldap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use LDAP php-mbstring.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string : handling php-mysql.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases php-mysqlnd.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases php-odbc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use ODBC databases php-pdo.x86_64 : A database access abstraction module for PHP applications php-pear.noarch : PHP Extension and Application Repository framework php-pecl-memcache.x86_64 : Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon php-pgsql.x86_64 : A PostgreSQL database module for PHP php-process.x86_64 : Modules for PHP script using system process interfaces php-pspell.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using pspell interfaces php-recode.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the recode library php-snmp.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that query SNMP-managed devices php-soap.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications that use the SOAP protocol php-xml.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use XML php-xmlrpc.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications which use the XML-RPC protocol

Name and summary matches only, use "search all" for everything. Langkah Keempat

Untuk membuat sebuah file php, buatlah file baru:

vi /var/www/html/info.php Tambahkan perintah berikut:

<?php phpinfo(); ?> Setelah itu simpan dan keluar.

Lalu akses ip publik anda melalui browser http://103.58.100.12/info.php

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Demikian langkah-langkah menginstall lamp pada CentOS 7.